Business & Economy

Fast facts you need to know about Apec members

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From November 16 to 19, 2015, the Philippines is host to the 27th Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec) summit, which will be attended by leaders of its 21 member-economies.

Held this year in Manila, the annual Apec Economic Leaders’ Meeting serves as a bridge for the 21 member-economies separated by the 165.25 million square kilometer expanse of the Pacific.

The 21 member-economies of Apec, linked by their proximity to the Pacific Ocean, range from global giants such as the United States of America, China and Russia, to developing nations such as Papua New Guinea and Philippines.

Amid the business and economic jargon, boils down to seven items the essential facts about Apec’s members and where the Philippines stands in the region.

Here are the #InquirerSeven essential facts you need to know about the 21 Apec member-economies.


1. US and China account for over 60 percent of the total GDP of Apec economies.

According to the 2014 data of the World Bank, the size of the US economy is at $17.4 trillion while China’s is at $10 trillion. They make up 63 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the Apec community, more than all other 19 members combined.

The World Bank defines GDP as “the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products.”

Total APEC GDP in US$U.S.A. 39.48%China 23.60%Japan 10.44%Russia 4.31%Canada 4.08%South Korea 3.18%Australia 3.18%Mexico 2.95%Chinese Taipei 1.20%

Japan, Russia, and Canada are the third, fourth, and fifth biggest economies in Apec. The Philippines’ $284-billion economy ranks 15th, just behind Hong Kong (14th at $289 billion) and ahead of Chile (16th at $258 billion).


2. China has the fastest growing economy among Apec members.

While the United States currently has the largest economy, China is outpacing it in terms of economic growth. China’s GDP growth as of 2014 was 7.4 percent while the US economy grew by only 2.4 percent.

China remains the fastest growing economy in APEC as of 2014 while Southeast Asian countries–the Philippines, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Vietnam, Brunei and Indonesia–are growing at above 5 percent.

The Philippines is the fastest growing economy in Southeast Asia at 6.2 percent. Other Southeast Asian countries such as Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Vietnam, Brunei and Indonesia are each growing at around 5 percent.


3. China’s population is equivalent to nearly half of all Apec countries combined.

China’s 1.3-billion population is the biggest among Apec member-economies, accounting for 48 percent of the combined total of all members.

The World Bank counts “all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship–except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin.” Figures are mid-2014 estimates, it said.

The total population of all APEC economies is 2.8 billion as of 2014. China has the largest population at 1.3 billion, making up almost half of the total population. The United States and Indonesia have the second and third largest populations.

Papua New Guinea has the highest population growth rate among APEC's member-economies at 2.1 percent as of 2014, followed by the Philippines and Australia, both at 1.6 percent. Only Japan has a negative population growth rate.

Populations of developed countries like the United States, Russia and South Korea are growing at a rate of less than 1 percent, while Japan is the only member-economy with a negative population growth rate, meaning more people are dying than being born.


4. Brunei has the highest unemployment rate among Apec members.

According to December 2014 figures from economics data website, Brunei had the highest unemployment rate among members economies of Apec at 6.9 percent. Canada, Peru, Australia, Chile and the Philippines all had unemployment rates of 6 percent and above.

As of December 2014, Brunei has the highest unemployment rate among APEC member-economies at nearly 7 percent, followed by Brunei, Canada, Peru and Australia. Thailand has the lowest unemployment rate at 0.56 percent.


5. Almost all of Japan’s citizens are Internet users.

More than 90 percent of Japan’s population is connected to the Internet as of 2014, according to data from the World Bank. The World Bank defines “Internet users” as “individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 12 months. Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV, etc.”

More than 90 percent of Japan's population are connected to the Internet, the highest among APEC member-economies as of 2014. Tyhe United States, Canada, New Zealand and Australia follow suit.

The Apec member-economies with the lowest percentage of internet users are Indonesia (17.1 percent) and Papua New Guinea (9.4 percent).


6. The United States had the highest number of tourist arrivals in 2013.

With 69.7 million arrivals, the United States recorded the highest number of tourist arrivals among Apec members, according to the 2013 data of the World Bank.

The World Bank counts the “number of tourists who travel to a country other than that in which they have their usual residence, but outside their usual environment, for a period not exceeding 12 months.” It also said that “a person who makes several trips to a country during a given period is counted each time as a new arrival.”

As of 2013, the United States has the highest recorded number of tourist arrivals among APEC member-economies. China comes in at second, followed by Russia at third.

China and Russia ranked second and third in tourist arrivals, while the countries with the lowest tourist arrivals are Brunei and Papua New Guinea. Philippines ranked 15th at 4.6 million tourist arrivals, behind Australia (14th at 6.3 million) and ahead of Chinese Taipei (16th at 4 million).


7. Where do Apec members stand in other global rankings?


Almost all Apec member-economies have been ranked in studies released by international organizations. Below are rankings for the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) by World Economic Forum, Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) by Transparency International, Global Peace Index (GPI) by Institute for Economics and Peace, and Human Development Index (HDI) by the United Nations Development Program.

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